By Katherine Long
Her name was Kateri Tekakwitha. Translated from her native Mohawk, it means “Catherine who bumps into things,” “Catherine who moves things out of the way,” “Catherine who puts things in order.”
For hundreds of years the Catholic faithful have prayed for her intercession, asking for her help in removing obstacles and impediments from their lives. They have prayed, too, that this daughter of the Mohawk Valley and convert to the Catholic faith would be officially elevated to the status she already held in their hearts.
On Oct. 21 those prayers will be answered: Kateri Tekakwitha will become a saint.
The woman known today as Bl. Kateri Tekakwitha — pronounced ‘Gaw-da-lee Da-gaw-quee-dah’ — was born in the Mohawk settlement at Ossernenon (modern-day Auriesville, N.Y.) in 1656. Her mother, Kahenta, was Algonquin and a convert to the Christian faith. Her father, Kenhoronkwa, was a chief of the Mohawk Turtle Clan and practiced the spiritual tradition of his ancestors.
When Tekakwitha was about four, smallpox invaded her village. The disease was merciless, killing many including Tekakwitha’s parents and brother. Tekakwitha managed to survive her infection but was left physically weak, with impaired eyesight and scarred skin.
Tekakwitha was adopted by her father’s brother and eventually moved north of the Mohawk River to Caughnawaga (now Fonda, N.Y.). She was raised in the Mohawk tradition, learning to gather wood, craft intricate beadwork and participate in the ceremonies and festivals of the village. As was the custom, marriage for the young Tekakwitha was discussed, but she resisted in her quiet, modest way.
Called to the Church
In 1670 a Catholic mission was established at Caughnawaga, and for several years Tekakwitha observed the Jesuit “black robes” with interest, perhaps remembering the prayers her mother said years before. But it wasn’t until a chance — or divinely arranged — meeting with mission pastor Father Jacques de Lamberville that she confessed her heart’s true desire: to be baptized in the Church.
Tekakwitha began formal religious instruction, and in spite of his initial reservations about receiving the adopted daughter of a chief into the faith, Father de Lamberville soon discovered a girl wise beyond her years and full of love for Christ. On Easter Sunday 1676, 20-year-old Tekakwitha was baptized and took the name Kateri, for St. Catherine of Siena.
Kateri Tekakwitha faced persecution, mockery, even threats after her conversion; she bore all with her trademark quiet grace and patience. Ultimately, though, with the help of Father de Lamberville and three fellow Native American converts, Kateri Tekakwitha traveled more than 200 miles to a settlement of Christian Native Americans near Montreal, Quebec. She arrived bearing a note from Father de Lamberville saying he was sending his fellow priests a “treasure” and to guard it well.
Woman of faith
Kateri Tekakwitha’s relationship with Christ deepened in her new home. She earned the respect and love of her companions for her fervent faith and devotion. She dedicated even her small tasks around the settlement to God.
Her great faith and zeal were rewarded on Christmas Day 1677 when she received her First Holy Communion. At the time, receiving Communion so quickly after baptism was a rare privilege. So, too, was her admission to the Holy Family society, a reflection of her grace and virtue.
While visiting women religious in Montreal, Kateri Tekakwitha found her life’s calling: to be a bride of Christ. She could not join their order, but on the Feast of the Annunciation 1679, she made her own vow of perpetual virginity and dedicated her life to caring for the sick and elderly and teaching children about the faith.
Already weak from her childhood illness, Kateri Tekakwitha’s health began to fail. Priests brought Communion to her bedside and administered Viaticum. On Wednesday of Holy Week, April 17, 1680, at just 24, Kateri Tekakwitha died with Jesus’ name on her lips.
Minutes after her death, those by her bedside reported that the smallpox scars disappeared from her face. Friends also reported that she appeared to them after her death. Prayers for her intercession began to be answered soon after.
Messengers went out from the mission after Kateri Tekakwitha’s death, spreading the sad news that “the saint is dead.” Though many thought her saintly while she was still alive, and still more have considered her a saint in the time intervening, Bl. Kateri Tekakwitha’s cause has taken many years to progress officially.
The Catholic Church has a long tradition of recognizing as saints people whose lives were outstanding examples of faith in practice. The process of determining sainthood proceeds in three phases, during which the church makes a thorough investigation of the person, her life and the miracles attributed to her intercession. The cause is directed by vice postulators, who collect and present information on behalf of the saint-to-be to the postulator in Rome.
Kateri Tekakwitha’s cause for canonization was accepted by the Congregation of Rites in 1939. On Jan. 3, 1943, Pope Pius XII declared the young woman’s virtues heroic and bestowed on her the title Venerable. On June 22, 1980, Pope John Paul II declared Kateri Tekakwitha Blessed. And on Dec. 19, 2011, Pope Benedict XVI signed a decree recognizing the final miracle needed to canonize Bl. Kateri Tekakwitha: Because of her intercession, young Jake Finkbonner of Washington miraculously recovered from a fatal skin infection.
In the U.S., Bl. Kateri Tekakwitha’s cause was most recently advanced by Vice Postulator Msgr. Paul Lenz of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions in Washington, D.C. Father Wayne Paysse, executive director of the Bureau, said that receiving the news of Bl. Kateri Tekakwitha’s sainthood was “one of the most exciting moments in the history of the Bureau.”
“When we heard the news, we were both filled with such emotion,” Father Paysse said of himself and Msgr. Lenz. “It is just so wonderful. Her canonization not only recognizes her holiness and witness to Christ, but also the great contribution of Native American people in the U.S. to the Church. This is a real gift.”
Portions of this article appeared in a previous issue of the Sun.